Alfonsine - Ravenna Intorno

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Legend has it that Alfonsine was founded in the feudal era in a mainly marsh area and was given on Christmas Eve by the duke of Ferrara Borso d’Este to Teofilo Calcagnini. This latter started an important reclamation scheme that was completed with remarkable results as nowadays this village is one of the most important agricultural centresof Ravenna province.


Alfonsine (in dialect a gl’infulsen), situated between Ravenna and Argenta, has been the scene of the Battaglia del Senio, an important event of the Italian Resistenza against the German army in the last part of the Second World War. After its liberation occurredon the 10th of 1945, the city found out that heavy bombings destroyed more than two thirds of its buildings and almost all its city centre situated near the Piazza Monti and Corso Garibaldi area where some buildings of the XIX century, silent 'survivors' of the destruction, are still visible.

Among these buildings it must be mentioned the eighteenth-century Oratorio di San Vincenzo Ferrari that houses a painting attributed to the Longhi school of painting and the Santuario della Madonna del Bosco, a repository of a appreciable collection of 47 votive tablets dating back to the period between the XVIII and the XIX century. Along Corso della Repubblica stands the Chiesa Arcipretale di Santa Maria, a recent but very important building thanks to the precious Dalmonte ceramics treasured inside.

In the Piazza della Resistenza there is the Museum of the Battaglia del Senio where, thanks to a very rich exhibition route, reconstructs the partisan history describing in an exhausting manner the war efforts of a village decorated for its military bravery during the liberation war.

Market:   Monday and Thursday - Piazza della Resistenza

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Among all Alfonsine buildings the one boasting the highest historical value is certainly the Vincenzo Monti’s native home (1754 – 1828), who was one of the most important Italian Neoclassicism poets. Monti's house is a museum hosting well-maintained furniture, paintings, heirlooms, pieces of writing and original editions of the well-known poet’s works.

The territory of the town of Alfonsine also boasts a wonderful natural reserve. It is divided into three main 'stations' which are now part of the Po Delta Park of the region Emilia-Romagna. The forest mantleof thecanale dei Mulini is the most extended area: more than 5 hectares. It expands between a nineteenth-century lock and the river Reno and along an abandoned canal. Here it is possible to admire a hygrophilous forest with high willows and white poplars, elms, maples and wonderful orchids in spring. In the east area the second 'station', the former clay Fornace Violani is visible. It was once a clay pit but now it is a pond inhabited by several species of birds such as grebes and penduline tits and by the almost rare marsh tortoises. The third and last'station' is the Boschetto dei tre canali, a more than one hectare green space surrounded by the canals Tratturo, Arginello and Canalina. It is in this small pocket-handkerchief plot, composed mostly of poplars and ash trees, that grey herons nest and wonderful flowers as yellow irises and summer snowflakes grow.

Among the shows and the festivalsorganisedby Alfonsine we must remember the Sagra delle Alfonsine, held the last week of May, and, in the second half of July Lavori in Pelle, a nationally important contemporary dance festival.

On the second Sunday of October comes the Festa dell’uva, while on the 31st of the same month takes place the Festa di Halloween, a real autumn carnival that invades the town streets.