Basilica of S.Apollinare Nuovo (6th Century) - Ravenna Intorno

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Ravenna Intorno
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Basilica of S.Apollinare Nuovo (6th Century) - Ravenna

Via Di Roma - Ravenna
Opening hours: Weekday opening hours: from 15/03 to 30/09: 9.00 - 19.00 ticket office closes at 18.45 - Holiday opening hours: from 15/03 to 30/09: 9.00 - 19.00 ticket office closes at 18.45 - Closed: 25/12 and 1/1
Phone: +39 0544 541688

Erected by Teodorico at the start of the sixth century, the Basilica of Sant'Apollinare Nuovo is without doubt the most relevant historical monument of all the Imperial Paleochristian heritage sites in the city of Ravenna.

The building has a brick facade, and there is a mullioned window in marble in the central superior part of the edifice, which overlooks an elegant portico dating back to the sixteenth century. The classic cylindrical campanile was constructed more recently, dating from between the ninth and tenth centuries. Having silently seen the passage of two empires, Saint Apollinare Nuovo guards the mosaic of Teodorico's Ostrogoth kingdom and of the Byzantine Empire of Giustiniano.
Inside, the Basilica is majestic, with three naves and the marvellous heritage of mosaics that rest on the impressive spaces above the two rows of twelve columns, leading the visitor to the apses without mosaics, which were reconstructed after being completely destroyed by an earthquake. It is thought that the original mosaic apses were very similar to those which you can admire in the Basilica of Saint Apollinare in Classe.
In the first and highest mosaic area of the Basilica, there are panels depicting scenes from the life of Christ; in the middle part, with windows at intervals, one can admire a procession of saints and prophets. In the third, final and largest area, on the right, one can find the only two works in Teodorico's memory to escape the redecoration ordered by Archbishop Agnello in the Byzantine era.
The first is the Ostrogoth sovereign of the Palatium which depicts the subjects and Teodorico himself, which very probably made popular his reign, while the second is the celebrated image of the Porto di Classe, a testimony to the power of the Roman Adriatic fleet. In contrast to these two images, in the inferior registry, one can admire the procession of holy martyrs and the holy virgin, classic examples of the Byzantine style that stand out in a monochrome background of dazzling gold.