Basilica of S. Apollinare in Classe (6th century) - Ravenna Intorno

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Ravenna Intorno
 
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Basilica of S. Apollinare in Classe (6th century) - Ravenna

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Address:
Via Romea Sud - Ravenna
Opening hours: Weekday opening hours: 8.30 - 19.30 - ticket office closes at 19.00 - Holiday opening hours:13.00 - 19.30 - ticket office closes at 19.00 - Religious services are celebrated every Sunday until 13.00
Phone: +39 0544 473569
 
 
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Caressed by the Adriatic Sea for more than 15 centuries, the Basilica of Saint Apollonare in Classe is set in a geographical context which has over the years been the stage of complex fascinating events of a literary nature (Dante, Boccaccio, Byron). It is one of the UNESCO protected heritage sites of which the city of Ravenna is most proud.

Situated 4km from the city, the Basilica was constructed by Giuliano Argentario and commissioned by the Archbishop of Ursicino in the sixth century. Besides being a practically perfect example of the architecture of its time, it is a perpetual testimony to what was the military port of Imperial Augustan Ravenna. Next to the Basilica stands the vast archaeological area that hosted the Roman fleet.
The Basilica accommodates three naves inside a wonderful mosaic repertory with the highest concentration of apses in the area. One can admire Saint Apollonare in pontificial dress in the act of solemn prayer (the prex eucharistica), flanked by two rows of six lambs leaving the cities of Jerusalem, on the right, and Bethlehem, on the left. Above the Saint is a composition in circular form of deep blue, at the centre of which the transfigured Christ is enthroned with the prophets Moses and Elijah. Below the Christ, disciples Peter, Jacob and John are represented by three sheep. Between the windows of the apse there are portraits of the four principle successors of Apollinare: Severo, Orso, Ecclesio and Ursicino.
Along the walls of the lateral nave, separated by two elegant rows of columns with Byzantine capitals, the Basilica accommodates numerous sarcophagi, dating from the fifth to the eighth centuries, which are examples of the changing artistic styles through the centuries.